Living as an Expat in Japan

1. What are some common challenges expats face when living in Japan?

1. Language Barrier: One of the most common challenges expats face in Japan is the language barrier. Japanese can be a difficult language to learn, especially for those coming from Western countries with different linguistic roots. This can make everyday tasks such as shopping, communicating with landlords or utility companies, and even making friends more challenging.

2. Cultural Differences: Japan has a unique culture with its own set of social norms, customs, and etiquette that may differ significantly from those of expats’ home countries. Understanding and adapting to these cultural differences can be a significant challenge for expats, impacting everything from social interactions to business dealings.

3. Work Culture: The work culture in Japan is known for its long hours, hierarchical structure, and emphasis on harmony and teamwork. Expats may struggle to adjust to these expectations, especially if they come from countries with different work philosophies.

4. Finding Housing: Securing accommodation in Japan can be challenging for expats, particularly in major cities where rental prices are high and the rental process may differ from what they are accustomed to in their home countries.

5. Loneliness and Isolation: Being far away from family and friends can lead to feelings of loneliness and isolation for some expats in Japan, especially if they have difficulty making connections due to the language barrier or cultural differences.

Overall, while living in Japan as an expat can be a rewarding experience, it also comes with its own set of challenges that require patience, flexibility, and perseverance to overcome.

2. How can expats overcome language barriers while living in Japan?

Expats can overcome language barriers while living in Japan through various strategies:

1. Language classes: Attending formal Japanese language classes can help expats improve their language skills and communication abilities in daily life situations.

2. Language exchange programs: Participating in language exchange programs where expats can help Japanese speakers learn their native language in exchange for Japanese lessons can be mutually beneficial in overcoming language barriers.

3. Language apps and online resources: Utilizing language learning apps and online resources can aid expats in practicing Japanese in a self-paced manner, helping them gradually improve their language proficiency.

4. Hiring a tutor: Engaging a private Japanese language tutor can provide personalized language instruction tailored to the expat’s needs and learning pace.

5. Immersion in daily life: Actively immersing oneself in Japanese daily life by interacting with locals, watching Japanese TV shows or movies, and reading Japanese books or newspapers can enhance language skills through exposure and practice.

By employing a combination of these strategies, expats can effectively overcome language barriers and navigate their daily life in Japan with greater ease and confidence.

3. What are some important cultural norms and etiquette expats should be aware of in Japan?

Expat living in Japan should be aware of several important cultural norms and etiquette to navigate daily life effectively:

1. Respect for Others: Japanese society places a strong emphasis on respect for others, including elders, authorities, and social hierarchies. It is essential for expats to show proper respect through bowing, using formal language, and following societal rules.

2. Punctuality: Being on time is crucial in Japan, as lateness is considered disrespectful. Whether for work, meetings, or social events, expats should make a conscious effort to arrive punctually.

3. Gift Giving: Gift-giving is a common practice in Japan and is often used to express gratitude or show respect. When presenting gifts, it is polite to wrap them neatly and present them with both hands.

4. Shoes Off Indoors: In Japanese homes, traditional restaurants, and some other indoor spaces, it is customary to remove shoes before entering. Expats should be prepared to follow this practice and remember to bring clean socks.

5. Dining Etiquette: When dining in Japan, there are specific etiquette rules to follow, such as saying “Itadakimasu” before eating and “Gochisousama” after finishing. Additionally, slurping noodles is considered acceptable and even a sign of enjoying the meal.

6. Public Behavior: Japanese society values harmony and order, so it is crucial for expats to behave in a respectful and mindful manner in public spaces. This includes speaking quietly on public transport, avoiding littering, and refraining from public displays of affection.

By understanding and adhering to these cultural norms and etiquette, expats in Japan can integrate more seamlessly into the local community and show respect for Japanese customs and traditions.

4. How to find suitable housing as an expat in Japan?

Finding suitable housing as an expat in Japan can be a challenging but manageable task with the right approach. Here are some steps to help you find the right accommodation:

1. Determine your budget: Understanding how much you can afford for rent will narrow down your options and help you focus on properties within your budget.

2. Research different neighborhoods: Consider factors such as proximity to public transportation, amenities like supermarkets and schools, and the overall vibe of the neighborhood to find one that suits your lifestyle and preferences.

3. Seek assistance from a real estate agent: Working with a reputable real estate agent who specializes in assisting expats can help you navigate the rental market and find properties that meet your criteria.

4. Utilize online resources: Websites like Suumo, Real Estate Japan, and Airbnb can be valuable tools for searching for rental properties in Japan. Additionally, social media groups and expat forums can provide insights and recommendations from fellow expats.

5. Understand the rental process: Familiarize yourself with the rental procedures in Japan, which may include key money, security deposits, and guarantors. Make sure to clarify any questions or concerns with your real estate agent or landlord before signing a lease.

By following these steps and tapping into available resources, you can increase your chances of finding suitable housing as an expat in Japan that meets your needs and preferences.

5. What are the best ways for expats to make friends and socialize in Japan?

1. Joining local clubs and interest groups is a fantastic way for expats to meet new people and make friends in Japan. Whether it’s joining a sports team, a language exchange group, or a hobby club, these activities provide a great opportunity to connect with like-minded individuals.

2. Another effective way to socialize in Japan is through attending networking events and meetups specifically designed for expats. Platforms such as Meetup.com often have a variety of events catered towards foreigners living in Japan, providing a chance to meet others in a similar situation.

3. Engaging in community events and volunteering activities can also be a good way to establish connections and build friendships in Japan. Getting involved in local festivals, charity events, or environmental clean-up efforts can help expats integrate into the community and meet new people.

4. Utilizing social media and online expat forums can also be beneficial in connecting with others in Japan. Websites like Internations, Facebook groups, and expat blogs can be valuable resources for finding information on social events and gatherings in your area.

5. Lastly, don’t underestimate the power of simply being open and friendly in your daily interactions. Initiating conversations with locals, neighbors, and colleagues can lead to meaningful relationships and social opportunities. Expats in Japan should be proactive in putting themselves out there and taking advantage of the many ways to socialize and make friends in this vibrant and welcoming country.

6. How does the healthcare system work for expats in Japan?

As an expat living in Japan, navigating the healthcare system can be both efficient and reliable. Here’s an overview of how the healthcare system works for expats in Japan:

1. National Health Insurance (NHI): Expats living in Japan for an extended period are required to enroll in the NHI system, which provides coverage for medical treatments and services at a modest cost. The premiums are calculated based on income, making it affordable for most individuals.

2. Access to hospitals and clinics: Japan has a well-developed healthcare infrastructure with a mix of public and private hospitals and clinics. Expats can easily access medical services in their local communities, and many healthcare providers in major cities also have staff who speak English or other languages to assist non-Japanese speakers.

3. Quality of care: The healthcare system in Japan is known for its high standard of care and advanced medical technology. Patients can expect thorough examinations, prompt treatment, and access to specialized care for various conditions.

4. Prescription medications: Expats can obtain prescription medications at pharmacies in Japan, either through a doctor’s prescription or by consulting a pharmacist directly for over-the-counter medications. It’s important to note that some medications commonly used in other countries may have different brand names or availability in Japan.

5. Emergency services: In case of a medical emergency, expats can dial 119 for an ambulance or visit the nearest emergency room. The emergency services in Japan are efficient and responsive, ensuring that patients receive timely care.

6. Overall, the healthcare system in Japan offers expats access to quality care, essential medical services, and reliable insurance coverage. By familiarizing themselves with the local healthcare procedures and enrolling in the NHI system, expats can navigate the healthcare system with confidence and peace of mind.

7. What are the costs of living in Japan for expats?

The cost of living in Japan for expats can vary depending on various factors such as location, lifestyle, and accommodation choices. Here are some key expenses to consider:

1. Accommodation: Rental prices in major cities like Tokyo and Osaka can be quite high, especially in popular expat neighborhoods. A one-bedroom apartment in the city center can range from ¥100,000 to ¥200,000 per month, whereas living outside the city can be more affordable.

2. Utilities: The cost of utilities, including electricity, water, gas, and internet, can add up to around ¥15,000 to ¥30,000 per month, depending on usage.

3. Transportation: Public transportation in Japan is efficient but can be costly, especially for daily commuters. A monthly rail pass in Tokyo, for example, can cost around ¥10,000 to ¥30,000 depending on the distance traveled.

4. Food: The cost of groceries and dining out in Japan can vary greatly. Cooking at home can be affordable, but dining at restaurants or buying imported goods can be expensive. On average, a single person can expect to spend around ¥30,000 to ¥60,000 per month on food.

5. Healthcare: While Japan has a comprehensive healthcare system, expats may need to purchase private health insurance. The cost of insurance can range from ¥10,000 to ¥30,000 per month, depending on coverage.

6. Education: If you have children, international schools in Japan can be quite costly, with tuition fees ranging from ¥1 million to ¥3 million per year.

7. Miscellaneous expenses: Other costs to consider include entertainment, clothing, travel, and personal care items, which can add up to an additional ¥20,000 to ¥50,000 per month.

Overall, the cost of living in Japan for expats can be high, especially in major cities, but with careful budgeting and lifestyle choices, it is possible to manage expenses and enjoy a comfortable life in this unique country.

8. What are the best cities or regions in Japan for expats to live in?

1. Tokyo: Tokyo is a popular choice for expats due to its vibrant culture, thriving job market, and numerous amenities. It offers a wide range of opportunities for work, entertainment, and social activities. Additionally, the city is home to a diverse expat community and has excellent public transportation systems.

2. Osaka: Known for its friendly locals and delicious food scene, Osaka is another great option for expats. The cost of living in Osaka is generally lower than in Tokyo, making it an attractive choice for those looking to save money. The city also has a rich history and cultural heritage, with plenty of sightseeing opportunities.

3. Kyoto: If you prefer a more traditional and relaxed lifestyle, Kyoto may be the perfect place for you. This historic city is famous for its temples, shrines, and beautiful gardens, providing a serene environment for expats to live in. While the job market in Kyoto may not be as robust as in Tokyo or Osaka, it offers a unique living experience.

4. Fukuoka: Located in southern Japan, Fukuoka is known for its mild climate, delicious cuisine, and friendly atmosphere. The city has a growing expat community and is becoming increasingly popular among foreign residents. Fukuoka offers a more laid-back lifestyle compared to larger cities like Tokyo, making it a great choice for those seeking a slower pace of life.

5. Sapporo: For those who enjoy winter sports and cooler climates, Sapporo in Hokkaido could be an ideal destination. The city is known for its snow festivals, fresh seafood, and natural beauty. While Sapporo may not have as many job opportunities as other major cities in Japan, it offers a unique living experience for expats looking to explore a different side of the country.

9. How can expats navigate the public transportation system in Japan?

Expats in Japan can navigate the public transportation system effectively by following these steps:

1. Familiarize yourself with the different modes of transportation available, including trains, subways, buses, and trams. Each mode serves different purposes and operates on somewhat distinct systems.

2. Obtain a transportation map for the area you will be living in or frequenting. These maps typically have information about routes, schedules, and transfer points, helping you plan your journeys efficiently.

3. Consider getting a transportation IC card like Suica or Pasmo, which can be used on most trains, subways, and buses across the country. These cards make the payment process quick and convenient.

4. Learn how to use ticket machines and fare adjustment machines at train stations. While some have English options, it’s beneficial to understand the Japanese characters for common destinations and ticket types.

5. Pay attention to the signage in stations and on vehicles to ensure you’re heading in the right direction. Stations in Japan usually have clear signage in both Japanese and English.

6. Make use of transportation apps and websites that provide real-time updates on schedules, delays, and alternative routes. This can be especially helpful during peak hours or in the case of unexpected disruptions.

7. Take note of peak hours and try to avoid traveling during those times if possible, as trains and buses can get crowded. Rush hours in Japan are typically early mornings and late evenings.

8. Be respectful of local customs, such as offering your seat to elderly or pregnant passengers and refraining from talking loudly on public transportation.

By following these steps and staying attentive to your surroundings, expats can navigate Japan’s public transportation system with ease and confidence.

10. What are the visa requirements for expats living in Japan?

1. The visa requirements for expats living in Japan vary depending on the individual’s nationality, purpose of stay, and intended length of stay. Some common visa types for expats include the work visa, study visa, spouse visa, and permanent resident visa.

2. For a work visa, individuals typically need a job offer from a Japanese company as well as a Certificate of Eligibility issued by the Japanese immigration authorities. The certificate is usually obtained by the employer in Japan on behalf of the expat.

3. A study visa requires acceptance into a recognized educational institution in Japan and proof of financial means to support oneself during the period of study.

4. Spouse visas are available to individuals who are married to a Japanese national or a foreigner with a valid residence status in Japan. The marriage certificate and other documentation may be required.

5. The permanent resident visa is granted to individuals who have lived in Japan for a certain number of years and meet specific criteria such as having stable income and good conduct.

6. Additionally, all expats living in Japan must adhere to the country’s immigration laws, including visa renewal procedures, reporting changes in status, and following the required procedures for any changes in residency status.

7. It is crucial for expats to familiarize themselves with the specific visa requirements relevant to their situation and to ensure they have all the necessary documentation in place to comply with Japanese immigration regulations. Consulting with a legal expert or immigration consultant can also be beneficial in navigating the visa application process effectively.

11. How to find a job as an expat in Japan?

Finding a job as an expat in Japan can be a challenging but rewarding process. Here are some steps to help you in your job search:

1. Research: Begin by researching the job market in Japan, including the industries that are in demand and the companies that hire expats.

2. Networking: Networking is crucial in Japan, so try to connect with expats already working in the country, attend industry events, and utilize online platforms like LinkedIn.

3. Language Skills: While not all jobs in Japan require Japanese fluency, having at least basic language skills can significantly improve your job prospects.

4. Visa Requirements: Ensure you understand the visa requirements for working in Japan as an expat and have the necessary documentation in place.

5. Job Boards: Utilize job boards specifically targeting expats in Japan, such as GaijinPot, Daijob, and Jobs in Japan.

6. Recruitment Agencies: Consider reaching out to recruitment agencies that specialize in placing expats in Japan.

7. Cultural Awareness: Demonstrate your understanding of Japanese business culture and etiquette during interviews and networking events.

8. Qualifications: Make sure your qualifications and experience align with the job requirements in Japan.

9. Prepare a Japanese-style Resume (Rirekisho): Japanese employers typically prefer a specific format for resumes, so ensure yours conforms to this standard.

10. Interview Preparation: Practice common interview questions and be prepared to discuss your experience and how you can contribute to the company.

11. Persistence: Finding a job as an expat in Japan may take time, so be persistent and patient in your job search. Good luck!

12. What are some tips for adjusting to the food culture in Japan as an expat?

1. Embrace the variety: Japanese cuisine offers a wide range of dishes, from sushi and ramen to traditional home-cooked meals. Be open to trying new foods and flavors to fully immerse yourself in the local food culture.

2. Learn basic Japanese food terms: Familiarize yourself with common food terms such as “sashimi” (sliced raw fish) and “tempura” (battered and fried seafood or vegetables) to better navigate menus and communicate your preferences at restaurants.

3. Respect dining etiquette: In Japan, there are certain dining etiquette rules to follow, such as saying “Itadakimasu” before a meal and not sticking chopsticks upright in a bowl of rice. Observing these customs shows respect for the food culture.

4. Explore local markets and grocery stores: Visit local markets and grocery stores to discover fresh produce and unique ingredients used in Japanese cooking. Experimenting with cooking at home can also help you better understand and appreciate the food culture.

5. Seek recommendations from locals: Ask Japanese friends or colleagues for restaurant recommendations or local food hotspots. Trying out recommended eateries can lead to delightful culinary experiences and help you delve deeper into the food culture.

6. Attend food-related events: Attend food festivals, cooking classes, or food-themed events to widen your exposure to Japanese cuisine and learn more about the regional specialties and cooking techniques.

7. Be mindful of dietary restrictions: If you have dietary restrictions or food allergies, communicate them clearly when dining out in Japan. Understanding the ingredients and preparation methods can help you navigate the food scene more effectively.

8. Stay open-minded: Remember that taste preferences vary from person to person, and what may seem unfamiliar or unconventional at first could become a favorite after giving it a try. Stay open-minded and willing to explore new culinary experiences in Japan.

13. How can expats manage their finances and banking in Japan?

Managing finances and banking as an expat in Japan is a crucial aspect of living overseas. Here are some key strategies to effectively handle your money while in Japan:

1. Opening a bank account: As an expat, it’s essential to open a local bank account in Japan to conveniently manage your finances. Most major banks in Japan offer services for expats and provide English support for account opening procedures.

2. Choosing the right bank: Research different banks in Japan to find one that suits your needs. Consider factors such as availability of English services, ATM locations, fees, and online banking options.

3. Transferring money: Look into the most cost-effective ways to transfer money between your home country and Japan. Some expats opt for international money transfer services or online platforms like TransferWise to avoid high fees.

4. Understanding the local currency: Familiarize yourself with the Japanese yen currency and commonly used banking terms to navigate financial transactions smoothly.

5. Managing expenses: Keep track of your spending and budget accordingly to ensure financial stability while living in Japan. Utilize financial planning tools or apps to monitor your expenses.

6. Credit cards and cashless payments: Credit cards are widely accepted in urban areas of Japan, so consider obtaining a credit card for convenience. Additionally, familiarize yourself with cashless payment methods like Suica or Pasmo cards for daily transactions.

7. Tax obligations: Stay informed about your tax obligations as an expat in Japan, including filing requirements and any tax treaties between Japan and your home country.

8. Seek financial advice: If needed, consult with a financial advisor or tax consultant who specializes in expat finances to receive guidance tailored to your situation.

By proactively managing your finances and banking in Japan, expats can ensure financial stability and a smooth transition into living abroad.

14. Is it important for expats to learn Japanese before moving to Japan?

Yes, it is important for expats to learn Japanese before moving to Japan. Here are several reasons why:

1. Integration: Knowing the local language is crucial for smooth integration into Japanese society. It makes daily tasks like grocery shopping, asking for directions, or interacting with neighbors much easier.

2. Professional Opportunities: Many job opportunities in Japan require at least a basic proficiency in Japanese. Even if you work for an international company, knowing the language can give you a competitive edge and open up more career possibilities.

3. Cultural Understanding: Learning the language helps expats better understand and appreciate the local culture. It shows respect to the host country and allows for deeper connections with Japanese colleagues and friends.

4. Independence: Being able to communicate in Japanese gives expats a sense of independence and self-sufficiency. It can help in emergencies, medical situations, or any other circumstances where English may not suffice.

5. Enhanced Experience: Ultimately, learning Japanese enriches the expat experience in Japan. It allows for more meaningful interactions, greater immersion in the culture, and a deeper sense of belonging in the community.

15. What are some resources available for expats to help them settle in Japan?

There are various resources available to expats to help them settle in Japan. Some of these include:

1. Expat communities and social groups: Joining expat communities and social groups can provide support, networking opportunities, and a sense of belonging in a new country.
2. Expat forums and online communities: Online forums such as Reddit’s r/japanlife or Expat.com allow expats to ask questions, share experiences, and seek advice from others living in Japan.
3. Language schools and Japanese language courses: Learning the language can greatly improve expats’ day-to-day life in Japan, and many language schools offer programs specifically tailored for expats.
4. Expat-focused publications and websites: Resources such as Metropolis magazine or Japan Today provide up-to-date information on expat life, events, and news in Japan.
5. Expat relocation services: Companies specializing in relocation services can assist expats with finding housing, navigating legal procedures, and settling into their new environment.
6. Cultural orientation programs: Some organizations offer cultural orientation programs to help expats understand Japanese customs, etiquette, and daily life practices.

These resources can help expats navigate the challenges of settling in Japan and make their transition smoother and more enjoyable.

16. How can expats stay connected with their home country while living in Japan?

There are several ways for expats living in Japan to stay connected with their home country:

1. Utilize technology: Expats can make use of various communication tools such as messaging apps, social media platforms, and video calling services to stay in touch with their family and friends back home. Platforms like Skype, WhatsApp, and Facebook allow for free or low-cost communication which can help bridge the distance.

2. Join expat communities: There are many expat communities and clubs in Japan where individuals from different countries come together to share experiences, traditions, and support one another. Joining these communities can provide a sense of belonging and connection to one’s home country.

3. Attend cultural events: Many cities in Japan host cultural events and festivals that celebrate different traditions and cuisines from around the world. Attending these events can help expats feel connected to their home country’s culture and stay in touch with their roots.

4. Subscribe to international news sources: Keeping up-to-date with news from one’s home country can help expats feel connected and informed about what’s happening back home. Subscribing to international news websites, podcasts, or newspapers can be a great way to stay connected with current affairs.

5. Maintain relationships: Finally, it’s important for expats to make an effort to maintain relationships with their loved ones back home. Regularly scheduling calls, sending emails or letters, and planning visits when possible can help strengthen connections with family and friends in their home country.

17. What are the education options for expat families in Japan?

Expatriate families in Japan have a range of education options available for their children:

1. International Schools: There are numerous international schools in major cities like Tokyo, Osaka, and Kyoto, which offer curricula from different countries such as the United States, the UK, and the International Baccalaureate (IB) program. These schools provide education in English or other languages and cater to expat families looking for a familiar educational system.

2. Japanese Public Schools: Some expat families choose to enroll their children in Japanese public schools to immerse them in the local culture and language. While the language barrier can be challenging, attending a Japanese school can offer a unique experience and help children develop language skills quickly.

3. Bilingual Schools: There are bilingual schools in Japan that offer a mix of Japanese and English instruction, catering to students from diverse cultural backgrounds. These schools provide a balance between traditional Japanese education and international perspectives.

4. Home Schooling: For families who prefer more flexibility in their children’s education, homeschooling is also an option in Japan. However, it’s important to be aware of the legal requirements for homeschooling in Japan and ensure that the curriculum meets the necessary standards.

Ultimately, the education option chosen by expat families in Japan will depend on their individual preferences, language abilities, and long-term goals for their children’s education. It’s essential to research and visit different schools to find the best fit for each family member.

18. How do expats deal with homesickness while living in Japan?

Homesickness is a common challenge that many expats face while living in Japan. To deal with homesickness effectively, expats can:

1. Stay connected with loved ones back home through regular communication via phone calls, video chats, or messaging apps.

2. Establish a support network in Japan by making friends with locals, other expats, or joining expat communities.

3. Engage in activities that remind them of home, such as cooking familiar dishes or celebrating holidays and traditions from their native country.

4. Explore Japan and embrace the local culture by trying new things, learning the language, and participating in local events and festivals.

5. Take care of their physical and mental well-being by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, getting regular exercise, and seeking support from mental health professionals if needed.

By implementing these strategies, expats can cope with homesickness and find a sense of belonging and fulfillment while living in Japan.

19. What are some common misconceptions about living in Japan as an expat?

Living in Japan as an expat can come with its fair share of misconceptions. Some common myths include:

1. Language Barrier: While it is true that Japanese is the primary language in Japan, many expats can navigate daily life with basic Japanese phrases and English signage in major cities and tourist areas.

2. Cultural Assimilation: Contrary to popular belief, Japan is a welcoming country that appreciates efforts made by expats to understand and respect Japanese customs and traditions.

3. Work-Life Balance: While Japan is known for its strong work ethic, not all companies expect expats to adhere to the same long working hours and strict hierarchies seen in traditional Japanese businesses.

4. Food and Diet: Some expats may worry about adapting to the local cuisine, but with a diverse range of international restaurants and grocery stores, finding familiar foods is easier than expected.

5. Safety Concerns: While Japan is generally safe, some may have misconceptions about crime rates or natural disasters. However, with proper precautions and knowledge, expats can feel secure living in Japan.

By debunking these misconceptions and approaching expat life in Japan with an open mind, flexibility, and respect for the local culture, many find that living in Japan can be a rewarding and enriching experience.

20. How can expats maintain a healthy work-life balance in Japan?

Maintaining a healthy work-life balance as an expat in Japan can be challenging due to the country’s strong work ethic and long office hours. To achieve this balance, expats can consider the following tips:

1. Setting Boundaries: Clearly define boundaries between work and personal time. Avoid checking work emails or taking work calls outside of office hours.

2. Utilizing Paid Time Off: Take full advantage of your annual leave and national holidays to focus on personal activities and relaxation.

3. Engaging in Hobbies: Pursue hobbies or activities that you enjoy outside of work to unwind and de-stress.

4. Physical Activity: Regular exercise can help improve both physical and mental well-being. Joining a gym, taking walks, or practicing yoga are good options.

5. Socializing: Build a social network with both expats and locals to establish a support system and maintain a sense of connection.

6. Time Management: Efficiently manage your time at work to increase productivity and reduce the need for overtime.

7. Communication: If feeling overwhelmed, communicate with your employer or colleagues about your workload and potential solutions.

By prioritizing self-care, personal time, and effective time management, expats can navigate the work culture in Japan while still maintaining a healthy work-life balance.