Spanish Citizenship Application Form (Solicitud de Nacionalidad Española) for Spain

1. What are the general requirements to apply for Spanish citizenship?

The general requirements to apply for Spanish citizenship include:

1. Residency: The applicant must have legally resided in Spain for a certain period of time, typically 10 years. This requirement can be reduced in specific cases such as for refugees, individuals from Ibero-American countries, or those who are married to a Spanish citizen.

2. Knowledge of Spanish language and culture: Applicants must demonstrate a basic knowledge of Spanish language, as well as an understanding of Spanish culture and society. This is typically done through passing language and culture exams.

3. Good conduct: Applicants must have a clean criminal record and not have been convicted of any serious crimes. They must also be in compliance with Spanish tax and social security obligations.

4. Renunciation of previous citizenship: In some cases, applicants may be required to renounce their previous citizenship in order to become a Spanish citizen. This requirement varies depending on the nationality laws of the applicant’s home country.

These are the general requirements for applying for Spanish citizenship, but it’s important to note that there may be additional conditions or documentation needed depending on the individual circumstances of the applicant.

2. How can one obtain the Spanish citizenship application form (Solicitud de Nacionalidad Española)?

To obtain the Spanish citizenship application form (Solicitud de Nacionalidad Española), there are several ways to do so:

1. Online: The form can be downloaded from the official website of the Spanish Ministry of Justice or the Spanish Government’s official portal.
2. In person: The form can be picked up in person at the nearest Civil Registry office in Spain or at the Spanish consulate in the applicant’s country of residence.
3. Through a legal representative: If an applicant is working with a lawyer or legal representative to assist with the citizenship application process, they can obtain the form through them.

It is important to ensure that the form obtained is the most current version to avoid any delays in the application process.

3. What is the processing time for a Spanish citizenship application?

The processing time for a Spanish citizenship application can vary depending on various factors such as the applicant’s specific situation, the volume of applications being processed at the time, and the complexity of the case. On average, it can take anywhere from 1 to 2 years for the entire process to be completed. However, it is important to note that this is just an estimate and it may take longer in some cases, especially if there are delays or additional documentation required. It is recommended to regularly check the status of your application through the online portal provided by the Spanish authorities to stay updated on the progress.

4. Can I apply for Spanish citizenship if I am married to a Spanish citizen?

Yes, if you are married to a Spanish citizen, you are eligible to apply for Spanish citizenship. This process falls under the category of acquiring Spanish citizenship through marriage. In order to apply, you need to fulfill certain requirements such as demonstrating a stable and genuine marital relationship with your Spanish spouse, residing in Spain for a certain period of time, and meeting other specific criteria. The application process may involve submitting various documents, undergoing interviews, and meeting specific language and integration requirements as outlined in the Spanish Citizenship Application Form. It is recommended to seek guidance from a legal expert or consult the official Spanish government website to understand the detailed requirements and procedures for applying for Spanish citizenship as a spouse of a Spanish citizen.

5. Is there a language requirement for the Spanish citizenship application?

Yes, there is a language requirement for the Spanish citizenship application. Applicants are required to demonstrate proficiency in the Spanish language as part of the naturalization process. This can typically be done by providing a certificate or diploma from a language school or institution, or by passing the DELE (Diplomas of Spanish as a Foreign Language) exam, which is the official Spanish proficiency test recognized by the Spanish government. It is important to meet this language requirement to ensure a successful application for Spanish citizenship.

6. What are the fees associated with the Spanish citizenship application?

The fees associated with the Spanish citizenship application vary depending on the specific situation of the applicant. Here are some of the main fees that may apply:

1. Application processing fee: This fee covers the administrative costs of processing your citizenship application. It typically ranges from around 100 to 200 euros.
2. Civil registry fees: These fees are related to the registration of your citizenship in the civil registry. They may amount to around 70 to 100 euros.
3. Language proficiency test fees: If required, applicants are required to take a language proficiency test (DELE A2 or CCSE) to demonstrate their knowledge of Spanish language and culture. The cost of these tests is around 100 to 150 euros each.
4. Legal fees: Some applicants may choose to hire legal representation to assist them with the application process, which will incur additional costs depending on the lawyer’s fees.

It is important to verify the current fees and any potential changes with the Spanish authorities or a legal professional familiar with immigration matters before submitting your application.

7. Do I need to renounce my current citizenship to become a Spanish citizen?

No, in Spain, you are not required to renounce your current citizenship in order to become a Spanish citizen. Spain allows for dual or multiple citizenship, meaning that you can hold Spanish citizenship alongside the citizenship of another country. This allows individuals to enjoy the benefits of being a Spanish citizen without having to give up their original citizenship. It’s important to note that laws regarding multiple citizenship can vary between countries, so you should check the regulations of your home country to ensure they also allow dual citizenship with Spain.

8. What documents are required to support a Spanish citizenship application?

When applying for Spanish citizenship, you will need to submit various documents to support your application. Some of the key documents required include:

1. Completed application form (Solicitud de Nacionalidad Española).
2. Valid passport and copies of all passport pages.
3. Spanish criminal record certificate (certificado de antecedentes penales).
4. Proof of legal residence in Spain for the required period.
5. Birth certificate with an apostille or legalization.
6. Marriage certificate (if applicable) with an apostille or legalization.
7. Evidence of integration into Spanish society, such as Spanish language certificates or proof of community involvement.
8. Proof of financial stability or sufficient income to support yourself in Spain.

These are just some of the documents that may be required, and it is essential to consult the official website of the Spanish government or seek advice from a legal professional specializing in Spanish citizenship applications to ensure that all necessary documentation is provided.

9. How long do I need to have lived in Spain to apply for Spanish citizenship?

To apply for Spanish citizenship through residence, you generally need to have lived in Spain for a certain period of time. The basic requirement is that you must have legally resided in Spain for at least 10 years continuously. However, there are some exceptions and shorter periods for certain categories of applicants:

1. For refugees, the requirement is reduced to five years of residence.
2. For nationals of Iberoamerican countries, Andorra, the Philippines, Equatorial Guinea, Portugal, or individuals of Sephardic origin, the requirement is reduced to two years of residence.
3. For individuals who have been born in Spanish territory, the requirement is also reduced to two years.

It is important to carefully review the specific conditions and requirements based on your individual circumstances before applying for Spanish citizenship through residence.

10. Can children born in Spain to non-Spanish parents apply for Spanish citizenship?

Yes, children born in Spain to non-Spanish parents can apply for Spanish citizenship through a process known as “Option for Spanish nationality. This option allows children who have been born in Spain to foreign parents to acquire Spanish nationality once they reach the age of majority, provided certain conditions are met. The child must have resided in Spain legally for a minimum period of time leading up to the application for citizenship. Additionally, the parents will also need to have resided in Spain legally for a specific period of time before the child reaches the age of majority. This process allows children born in Spain to non-Spanish parents to obtain Spanish citizenship and enjoy the rights and privileges that come with it.

11. What are the different ways to acquire Spanish citizenship?

There are several ways to acquire Spanish citizenship:

1. Naturalization: This is the most common way to acquire Spanish citizenship for foreign nationals. To be eligible for naturalization, an individual must have legal residency in Spain for a certain period of time, typically 10 years, although this can be reduced to 2 years in some cases, such as for citizens of Latin American countries or former Spanish colonies.

2. By origin or descent: Individuals can also acquire Spanish citizenship if they have a Spanish parent or grandparent, regardless of where they were born. This is known as the right of blood (ius sanguinis) and allows for the acquisition of Spanish citizenship by descent.

3. By marriage: Foreign nationals who are married to a Spanish citizen can apply for Spanish citizenship after living together for a certain period of time. This period is typically one year, although it can be reduced in certain circumstances.

4. By option: Certain individuals, such as those born in Spain to foreign parents or individuals who have been under Spanish guardianship, may be able to acquire Spanish citizenship by option.

These are the primary ways to acquire Spanish citizenship, each with its own specific requirements and procedures.

12. How can I check the status of my Spanish citizenship application?

To check the status of your Spanish citizenship application, you can follow these steps:

1. Visit the official website of the Spanish government’s Ministry of Justice.
2. Look for the section related to citizenship and residency.
3. Locate the option for checking the status of your application.
4. Enter the required details, such as your application reference number or other identifying information.
5. Submit the form and wait for the system to retrieve your application status.
6. Alternatively, you can contact the relevant department directly via phone or email to inquire about your application status. Be prepared to provide your application reference number and any other necessary information for verification.

Checking the status of your Spanish citizenship application regularly will help you stay informed about the progress and anticipate any additional steps or documents needed to complete the process.

13. Can I apply for Spanish citizenship if I have a criminal record?

1. Having a criminal record may affect your eligibility to apply for Spanish citizenship. The Spanish government requires applicants to meet certain criteria, including demonstrating good conduct and compliance with the law.
2. If you have a criminal record, it is essential to disclose this information when completing your Spanish citizenship application form.
3. The authorities will consider the nature of the offense, the sentence imposed, and the time that has passed since the conviction when evaluating your application.
4. In some cases, having a criminal record may result in the denial of your citizenship application.
5. It is advisable to seek legal advice from a professional specializing in Spanish immigration law to understand how your criminal record may impact your eligibility for Spanish citizenship.

14. Is it possible to apply for Spanish citizenship through naturalization?

Yes, it is possible to apply for Spanish citizenship through naturalization. In order to qualify for naturalization, an individual must meet certain requirements, such as being over 18 years old, having legal residence in Spain for a certain period of time (typically 10 years, but this can vary based on specific circumstances), demonstrating a basic knowledge of Spanish language and culture, renouncing any previous nationality (unless exempted by a treaty), and having good conduct. Additionally, applicants must submit the relevant documentation, including the Spanish Citizenship Application Form (Solicitud de Nacionalidad Española) along with the required supporting documents such as proof of identity, residence, and financial stability. The process of naturalization can take several months or even years, as the authorities review the application and conduct background checks. It is recommended to seek legal assistance to ensure all requirements are met and the application is properly submitted.

15. Do I need to pass a citizenship test as part of the application process?

Yes, as part of the Spanish citizenship application process, applicants are required to pass two tests. The first is the CCSE (Conocimientos Constitucionales y Socioculturales de España) test, which assesses your knowledge of the Spanish Constitution, society, and culture. The second test is the DELE A2 or higher level exam, which evaluates your proficiency in the Spanish language. These tests are mandatory for most applicants aged 18 to 70, although certain exceptions may apply based on individual circumstances. Passing both of these tests is a crucial requirement for obtaining Spanish citizenship.

16. How does military service or criminal record affect the Spanish citizenship application?

Having completed military service in Spain can actually be considered a positive factor in your Spanish citizenship application, as it demonstrates your commitment to the country and its values. However, a criminal record can have a negative impact on your application. In Spain, certain criminal convictions may disqualify you from obtaining citizenship, especially if the crime committed is considered serious or reflects poorly on your moral character. It is important to note that each case is considered individually, and the final decision will be based on various factors such as the nature of the offense, the time that has passed since the conviction, and your overall conduct since then. It is recommended to provide full and honest information about any criminal record when submitting your application to avoid any complications during the evaluation process.

17. Can I include my family members in my Spanish citizenship application?

Yes, you can include certain family members in your Spanish citizenship application. The following family members may be included in your application:
1. Spouse: You can include your spouse if you have been married for at least one year and continue to be married at the time of application.
2. Minor children: You can include any children under the age of 18 or children with disabilities who are dependent on you.
3. Adult children with disabilities: You can also include adult children with disabilities who are dependent on you.

It is important to note that each family member included in the application must meet the eligibility requirements and provide all necessary documentation. Additionally, including family members in your application may increase the complexity of the process and require additional documentation to be submitted.

18. Is an interview required as part of the Spanish citizenship application process?

No, an interview is not typically required as part of the Spanish citizenship application process. The process involves submitting a completed application form, along with all necessary documentation, to the relevant Spanish authorities. The authorities will then review the application and supporting documents to determine if the applicant meets the requirements for Spanish citizenship. In some cases, the authorities may request additional information or documentation, but an interview is not a standard part of the process. It is important to ensure that all required documents are submitted accurately and on time to facilitate a smooth processing of the application.

19. How does the Spanish citizenship application differ for EU citizens compared to non-EU citizens?

The Spanish citizenship application process differs for EU citizens compared to non-EU citizens in several key ways:

1. Residence Requirement: EU citizens are generally required to have resided in Spain for a continuous period of at least 5 years before they can apply for Spanish citizenship, while non-EU citizens must typically have resided in Spain for a continuous period of 10 years.

2. Language Proficiency: EU citizens are often exempt from demonstrating proficiency in the Spanish language, while non-EU citizens are usually required to pass a language proficiency exam to prove their ability to communicate in Spanish.

3. Legal Status: EU citizens may have an easier time obtaining legal residency in Spain, as they are allowed to live and work in the country without needing a special visa. Non-EU citizens, on the other hand, typically require specific visas or residence permits to stay in Spain legally.

Overall, while the basic requirements for Spanish citizenship are similar for both EU and non-EU citizens, there are specific differences in terms of residency duration, language proficiency, and legal status that can impact the application process for each group.

20. What happens if my Spanish citizenship application is denied?

If your Spanish citizenship application is denied, there are a few steps you can take:

1. Review the reasons for the denial: The first step is to carefully review the communication from the Spanish authorities outlining the reasons for the denial. Understanding the specific grounds on which your application was refused is crucial in determining the next course of action.

2. Appeal the decision: In most cases, applicants have the right to appeal a denial of their citizenship application. This involves submitting additional evidence or documentation to support your case and address the concerns raised by the authorities. The appeal process typically has a specific timeframe within which it must be initiated.

3. Seek legal advice: If you are unsure about the reasons for the denial or the steps to take next, it may be beneficial to seek the advice of a legal professional specializing in immigration law. They can provide guidance on the best approach to challenge the decision and improve your chances of a successful appeal.

It’s essential to act promptly and systematically in response to a denial of your Spanish citizenship application to maximize the chances of a positive outcome.