Getting a Permanent Job in Turkey

1. What is the process for finding a permanent job in Turkey?

To find a permanent job in Turkey, follow these steps:

1. Research: Begin by conducting thorough research on the job market in Turkey. Understand the industries that are thriving, the skill sets in demand, and the companies that are hiring.

2. Network: Networking is crucial in Turkey for finding job opportunities. Utilize platforms like LinkedIn, attend industry events, and connect with professionals in your field. Personal connections often play a significant role in securing a job in Turkey.

3. CV and Cover Letter: Prepare a well-crafted CV and cover letter tailored to the Turkish market. Highlight your relevant skills, experiences, and qualifications. It’s essential to adapt your application materials to meet the expectations of Turkish employers.

4. Job Portals: Utilize online job portals specific to the Turkish market, such as,, and Regularly check these platforms for job postings that match your profile and apply accordingly.

5. Recruitment Agencies: Consider reaching out to recruitment agencies in Turkey that specialize in your industry. They can help match you with suitable job opportunities and provide valuable insights into the job market.

6. Interviews: If you secure an interview, prepare thoroughly by researching the company, practicing common interview questions, and understanding Turkish business culture. Demonstrating your cultural awareness and enthusiasm for working in Turkey can make a positive impression on potential employers.

By following these steps and staying persistent in your job search efforts, you can increase your chances of finding a permanent job in Turkey.

2. What are the typical requirements for getting a permanent job in Turkey?

To secure a permanent job in Turkey, there are several typical requirements that individuals need to fulfill:

1. Education and Qualifications: Having the necessary educational background and qualifications relevant to the job is crucial. Employers in Turkey often require a minimum level of education or specific certifications related to the industry.

2. Work Experience: Most permanent job positions in Turkey also require candidates to have a certain amount of work experience in the field. Prior work experience helps demonstrate to employers that you have the practical skills and knowledge needed to excel in the role.

3. Language Proficiency: Depending on the job and the industry, proficiency in Turkish or another specific language may be required. Good communication skills are essential for most positions, especially in customer-facing roles.

4. Work Permit: Non-Turkish citizens must obtain a work permit to work legally in Turkey. Employers often assist with the work permit application process, but it’s essential for individuals to ensure they have the necessary documentation in place.

5. Networking: Building a professional network can also be beneficial when looking for a permanent job in Turkey. Attending industry events, job fairs, and actively networking with professionals in your field can help you uncover job opportunities and make valuable connections.

Overall, meeting these requirements and demonstrating your skills and qualifications effectively during the job application process can increase your chances of securing a permanent job in Turkey.

3. How can I improve my chances of getting hired for a permanent position in Turkey?

Improving your chances of getting hired for a permanent position in Turkey involves several key steps:

1. Network extensively: Networking is crucial in Turkey and often plays a significant role in securing job opportunities. Attend industry events, seminars, and job fairs to expand your professional network. Utilize social media platforms like LinkedIn to connect with professionals in your industry.

2. Perfect your CV and cover letter: Your CV and cover letter are the first impression you make on potential employers. Tailor these documents to the specific job and company you are applying to, highlighting your relevant skills and experiences.

3. Learn Turkish: While it is not always a requirement, having a good command of the Turkish language can significantly improve your job prospects in Turkey. Employers often prefer candidates who can communicate effectively in Turkish, especially for customer-facing roles.

4. Understand the job market: Research the job market in Turkey to identify in-demand industries and skills. Tailor your job search to focus on sectors that are growing and have a high demand for professionals.

5. Consider working with recruitment agencies: Recruitment agencies can help connect you with potential employers and provide valuable insights into the job market in Turkey. Register with reputable agencies that specialize in your industry.

By following these steps and being proactive in your job search, you can improve your chances of getting hired for a permanent position in Turkey.

4. What industries are currently hiring for permanent positions in Turkey?

As of current market trends in Turkey, various industries are actively hiring for permanent positions. Some of the key sectors experiencing growth and offering job opportunities include:

1. Information Technology and Digital Marketing: With the increasing digitalization of businesses, there is a high demand for IT professionals, software developers, data analysts, and digital marketers.

2. Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals: The healthcare sector in Turkey is expanding, leading to a surge in hiring for medical professionals, pharmacists, nurses, and healthcare administrators.

3. E-commerce and Retail: The rise of online shopping has created job opportunities in e-commerce companies, logistics firms, and retail businesses across the country.

4. Construction and Real Estate: Infrastructure development projects and urbanization efforts in Turkey are driving recruitment in construction, engineering, architecture, and real estate sectors.

5. Finance and Banking: Financial institutions are continuously hiring professionals in banking, finance, accounting, and auditing roles to support the country’s growing economy.

Overall, these industries are actively looking to fill permanent positions with qualified candidates who possess the necessary skills and expertise to contribute to their growth and success in the Turkish market.

5. What are the key skills and qualifications employers look for in Turkey?

Employers in Turkey typically look for candidates who possess a combination of key skills and qualifications that are essential for success in the workplace. Some of the key skills and qualifications that are highly valued by employers in Turkey include:

1. Educational Background: Employers often look for candidates who have a strong educational background, with a relevant degree or certification in their field of work.

2. Language Proficiency: Fluency in both Turkish and English is often seen as a highly desirable skill by employers in Turkey, as it enables effective communication in both local and international contexts.

3. Technical Skills: Depending on the job role, employers may look for candidates who have specific technical skills related to their industry, such as proficiency in software programs, coding languages, or technical tools.

4. Soft Skills: Soft skills such as communication, problem-solving, teamwork, and time management are highly valued by employers in Turkey, as they contribute to a positive work environment and effective collaboration.

5. Experience: Previous work experience in a relevant field is often a key factor that employers consider when hiring candidates in Turkey. Internships, part-time jobs, and volunteer work can all be valuable experiences that demonstrate a candidate’s skills and commitment to their career.

6. Is speaking Turkish a requirement for getting a permanent job in Turkey?

Yes, speaking Turkish is typically a requirement for getting a permanent job in Turkey. Fluency in Turkish is essential for most job positions as it is the primary language of communication in the workplace and with clients or customers. Here are some points to consider:

1. Most job postings in Turkey specify that fluency in Turkish is necessary for the position.
2. Companies prefer candidates who can communicate effectively in Turkish to ensure smooth operations and productivity.
3. Proficiency in Turkish shows respect for the local culture and can help in building strong relationships with colleagues and stakeholders.
4. While some international companies in Turkey may operate in English, knowledge of Turkish is still valuable for everyday interactions and networking opportunities.

Overall, speaking Turkish is a significant advantage when seeking permanent employment in Turkey, as it demonstrates a commitment to integration and cultural understanding.

7. How do I navigate the job market in Turkey as a foreign national?

Navigating the job market in Turkey as a foreign national can be a rewarding yet challenging experience. Here are some tips to help you in this process:

1. Research and Understand the Market: Before starting your job search, it is important to research the job market in Turkey, understand the industries that are thriving, and identify the companies that are hiring international candidates.

2. Network: Networking is crucial in Turkey, as many jobs are filled through personal connections. Attend industry events, job fairs, and networking events to expand your professional network.

3. Work on Your Turkish Language Skills: While many international companies in Turkey operate in English, knowing Turkish can be a significant advantage in the job market. Consider taking language classes or practicing with native speakers to improve your language skills.

4. Tailor Your CV: Adapt your CV to the Turkish format and include relevant work experience, skills, and qualifications that are valued in the local job market.

5. Use Online Job Platforms: Utilize online job platforms and recruitment websites to search for job opportunities in Turkey. Websites such as, LinkedIn, and Indeed are popular resources for job seekers.

6. Understand Visa Requirements: Make sure you understand the visa requirements for working in Turkey as a foreign national. Some companies may assist with obtaining a work permit, while others may require you to secure one independently.

7. Be Persistent and Patient: Securing a job in a new country takes time and effort. Be persistent in your job search, follow up on applications, and stay positive throughout the process.

By following these tips and staying proactive in your job search, you can increase your chances of finding a permanent job in Turkey as a foreign national.

8. What is the average salary for permanent positions in Turkey?

The average salary for permanent positions in Turkey can vary depending on factors such as the industry, job level, and location. As of 2021, the average salary in Turkey is around 7,920 TL per month, which is equivalent to approximately $940 USD. However, it is important to note that salaries can range widely across different sectors. For example, the average salary for a software engineer in Istanbul may be significantly higher than that of a retail worker in a smaller city. Additionally, factors such as education level, experience, and specific skills can also impact salary levels. It is advisable to research industry-specific salary data and negotiate your salary based on your qualifications and the current market trends.

9. Are there any specific job market trends I should be aware of in Turkey?

Yes, there are several specific job market trends in Turkey that individuals seeking permanent employment should be aware of:

1. Technology and Digital Skills: The Turkish job market is increasingly focusing on roles that require strong technology and digital skills. Companies are looking for candidates proficient in areas such as data analysis, digital marketing, programming, and IT development.

2. Remote Work Opportunities: The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the acceptance of remote work in Turkey. Many companies are now open to hiring remote employees, allowing individuals to work from anywhere in the country.

3. Entrepreneurial Opportunities: Turkey has a growing entrepreneurial ecosystem, with many startups and small businesses emerging in various industries. Individuals with an entrepreneurial mindset may find opportunities to work in innovative and dynamic environments.

4. Importance of Language Skills: Fluency in languages such as English and Arabic can provide a competitive advantage in the Turkish job market, particularly in industries like tourism, trade, and international business.

5. Demand for Healthcare Professionals: The healthcare sector in Turkey is experiencing a high demand for skilled professionals, including doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and medical technicians.

6. Sustainability and Green Jobs: There is a rising focus on sustainability and environmental conservation in Turkey, leading to an increased demand for professionals in fields such as renewable energy, environmental engineering, and sustainable agriculture.

By staying informed about these job market trends, individuals can better position themselves for success in their job search and career development in Turkey.

10. How important is networking in finding a permanent job in Turkey?

Networking is highly important in finding a permanent job in Turkey. Here are several reasons why networking plays a crucial role in the job search process in the Turkish job market:

1. Access to Hidden Opportunities: Networking allows job seekers to tap into the hidden job market where many positions are not publicly advertised. Through connections, individuals can learn about job openings before they are officially posted online.

2. Building Professional Relationships: Developing strong professional relationships through networking can lead to job referrals and recommendations from colleagues, friends, or acquaintances within the industry. Employers often trust recommendations from people they know and value.

3. Enhancing Visibility and Credibility: Networking helps individuals establish their reputation within their industry or field of interest. Being visible to key players in the job market can enhance credibility and make a candidate more attractive to potential employers.

4. Gaining Insider Information: Networking provides the opportunity to gain valuable insights into companies, their culture, and their hiring processes. This information can help candidates tailor their application and interview strategies to align with the organization’s preferences.

5. Professional Development Opportunities: Engaging with professionals in the field can also lead to opportunities for professional development, mentorship, and skill enhancement, which can further improve one’s chances of securing a permanent job.

Overall, networking is a fundamental aspect of the job search process in Turkey, and investing time and effort in building and nurturing professional relationships can significantly increase the likelihood of landing a permanent job in the competitive Turkish job market.

11. What are the common job interview questions asked by employers in Turkey?

Common job interview questions asked by employers in Turkey typically cover a range of topics to assess a candidate’s qualifications, skills, and fit for the role. Some common job interview questions you may encounter in Turkey include:

1. Can you tell us about yourself and your professional background?
2. Why are you interested in this position and our company?
3. What are your strengths and weaknesses?
4. How do you handle challenges or difficult situations in the workplace?
5. Can you provide an example of a successful project you worked on?
6. How do you work in a team and communicate with colleagues?
7. What are your long-term career goals and aspirations?
8. How do you stay updated on industry trends and developments?
9. Why do you think you are the right fit for this role?
10. How do you handle stress and meet tight deadlines?
11. Do you have any questions for us about the company or the role?

Preparing thoughtful and concise responses to these common job interview questions can help you demonstrate your qualifications and suitability for the position in Turkey. Tailoring your answers to reflect your own experiences and accomplishments will also showcase your potential value to the employer.

12. Are there any cultural considerations to keep in mind when applying for jobs in Turkey?

When applying for jobs in Turkey, it is important to consider cultural norms and etiquette to increase your chances of success. Here are some key cultural considerations to keep in mind:

1. Respect for hierarchy: Turkish society values hierarchy and respect for authority. It is important to show deference to seniority in the workplace and address individuals by their titles and last names unless otherwise instructed.

2. Emphasis on relationships: Building personal relationships is crucial in Turkish business culture. Networking and establishing a good rapport with colleagues and superiors can significantly impact your career advancement.

3. Formal communication: Communication in a professional setting is typically more formal in Turkey. It is advisable to maintain a polite and respectful tone in written and verbal interactions.

4. Punctuality: While punctuality is valued in the Turkish business environment, meetings and appointments may begin with some delay. However, it is still essential to arrive on time out of respect for others.

5. Dress code: Dressing professionally is important in Turkey, especially in more conservative industries. It is advisable to err on the side of formal attire, such as business suits, for job interviews and important meetings.

By being mindful of these cultural considerations, you can navigate the job application process in Turkey more effectively and present yourself as a culturally sensitive and adaptable candidate.

13. How long does the process of securing a permanent job in Turkey typically take?

Securing a permanent job in Turkey can vary in terms of the time it takes, as it depends on various factors. However, on average, the process can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. Here are some key stages that can influence the timeline:

1. Job Search: The first step involves finding suitable job opportunities that match your qualifications and experience. This stage can vary significantly in duration based on factors such as market demand and your networking skills.

2. Application and Screening: Once you apply for a job, the company will review your application and may conduct initial screenings such as interviews or assessments. This phase can take a few weeks, especially if there are multiple rounds of interviews.

3. Offer Negotiation: If you successfully pass the screening process, the company will extend a job offer. Negotiating terms such as salary, benefits, and start date can also add to the timeline.

4. Work Permit and Legal Procedures: If you are a foreign national, obtaining a work permit and completing the necessary legal procedures can take additional time. This stage can involve bureaucratic processes and paperwork, potentially causing delays.

5. Notice Period: If you are currently employed and need to serve a notice period before starting your new job, this can also impact the overall timeline.

Overall, the entire process of securing a permanent job in Turkey typically ranges from 1 to 6 months, but individual experiences may vary. It is essential to stay proactive, follow up with potential employers, and be prepared for unexpected delays in the job search journey.

14. What are the rights and benefits typically associated with permanent employment in Turkey?

In Turkey, permanent employment comes with several rights and benefits, including:

1. Job Security: Permanent employees have a stronger level of job security compared to temporary or contract workers. They are protected by Turkish labor laws that regulate the termination of employment contracts, making it more challenging for employers to dismiss them without just cause.

2. Paid Leave: Permanent employees are entitled to paid annual leave, sick leave, and maternity/paternity leave as per Turkish labor regulations. This ensures that employees can take time off work without the fear of losing their income.

3. Social Security Coverage: Permanent employees in Turkey are usually covered by the country’s social security system, which includes health insurance, unemployment benefits, and retirement benefits. This coverage provides financial protection in case of illness, injury, or unemployment.

4. Severance Pay: In the event of termination without just cause, permanent employees are entitled to severance pay based on the length of their service. This payment acts as a form of financial compensation to help employees during the transition period between jobs.

5. Workplace Benefits: Permanent employees may also receive additional workplace benefits such as private health insurance, meal vouchers, transportation subsidies, and bonuses based on company performance.

Overall, permanent employment in Turkey offers greater stability, benefits, and legal protections compared to temporary or freelance positions. These rights and benefits provide employees with a sense of security and well-being in the workplace.

15. Are there any legal requirements or documentation needed to work permanently in Turkey?

Yes, there are legal requirements and documentation needed to work permanently in Turkey. Here are some key points to consider:

1. Work Permit: In order to work permanently in Turkey as a foreign national, you will need a work permit. This permit is issued by the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.

2. Residence Permit: You will also need a residence permit to live and work in Turkey for an extended period of time. This permit allows you to legally stay in the country while you are employed.

3. Health Insurance: It is mandatory for all individuals working in Turkey to have health insurance coverage. This can be obtained through the Turkish social security system or private insurance providers.

4. Tax Identification Number: You will need to obtain a tax identification number in Turkey in order to pay taxes on your income earned in the country.

5. Employer Sponsorship: Typically, a job offer from a Turkish employer is required in order to apply for a work permit and legally work in Turkey.

It is important to note that the requirements may vary depending on your nationality and the type of work you will be doing in Turkey. It is recommended to consult with a legal advisor or the Turkish consulate in your home country for specific guidance on the documentation needed for permanent work in Turkey.

16. What are the most common job search platforms used in Turkey?

The most common job search platforms used in Turkey include:

1. One of the largest and most popular job search websites in Turkey, features a wide range of job opportunities across various industries.

2. SecretCV: Another popular platform, SecretCV offers job listings and recruitment services for both job seekers and employers.

3. Linkedin: While not specific to Turkey, Linkedin is widely used by professionals in the country to network, showcase their skills and experience, and search for job opportunities.

4. Yenibiris: Yenibiris is a well-known online job portal in Turkey, featuring job listings from companies of all sizes and industries.

5. Indeed: A global job search engine, Indeed is also commonly used by job seekers in Turkey to search for opportunities from a wide range of sources.

These platforms offer a variety of tools and resources to help job seekers find and apply for permanent job positions in Turkey. It is recommended for job seekers to utilize multiple platforms simultaneously to increase their chances of finding the right job opportunity.

17. How does the education system in Turkey impact job opportunities for foreigners?

The education system in Turkey can have a significant impact on job opportunities for foreigners. Here are some ways in which this system influences the job market for non-Turkish individuals:

1. Language proficiency: The language of instruction in most universities and schools in Turkey is Turkish. Proficiency in the Turkish language is often a requirement for many job positions in the country. Therefore, foreigners who are fluent in Turkish have a higher chance of securing employment opportunities.

2. Qualifications recognition: The Turkish education system may not always readily recognize foreign qualifications and degrees. This could pose a challenge for foreigners looking to work in Turkey, as their educational background may not be as easily transferable or accepted by potential employers.

3. Skill alignment: The skills and knowledge acquired through the Turkish education system may be more aligned with the local job market and industry needs. Foreigners with an educational background that closely matches the demands of the Turkish labor market may find it easier to secure job opportunities.

4. Networking opportunities: The education system in Turkey can provide foreigners with valuable networking opportunities through interactions with local students, professors, and industry professionals. Building a strong network can facilitate job search efforts and increase the chances of finding employment in the country.

Overall, while the Turkish education system can present challenges for foreigners seeking job opportunities in the country, it can also offer advantages such as language skills, networking opportunities, and alignment with local industry needs that can enhance their employability.

18. What are the opportunities for career growth and advancement in Turkey?

Opportunities for career growth and advancement in Turkey are abundant across various industries and sectors. Here are several key points to consider:

1. Diversified Economy: Turkey boasts a diversified economy with strong sectors such as manufacturing, tourism, finance, technology, and agriculture. This diversity creates numerous opportunities for individuals to switch industries or climb the ladder within their current field.

2. Networking: Building a strong professional network is essential for career advancement in Turkey. Networking events, conferences, and online platforms are great ways to connect with industry professionals, potential mentors, and job opportunities.

3. Education and Training: Continuing education and professional development are highly valued in Turkey. Pursuing further education, certifications, or specialized training programs can enhance your skills and qualifications, opening up more opportunities for career growth.

4. Global Perspective: With its strategic location bridging Europe and Asia, Turkey offers a unique advantage for professionals looking to gain international experience. Working for multinational companies or participating in cross-border projects can provide valuable exposure and opportunities for career advancement.

5. Entrepreneurial Spirit: Turkey has a growing startup ecosystem and entrepreneurial culture. For those interested in starting their own business or joining a startup, there are many resources, accelerators, and funding opportunities available to support entrepreneurial ventures and career growth.

Overall, Turkey’s dynamic economy, emphasis on education and training, strong networking opportunities, global perspective, and entrepreneurial spirit present a favorable environment for individuals seeking career growth and advancement in the country.

19. How can I assess if a job offer in Turkey is legitimate and trustworthy?

When assessing if a job offer in Turkey is legitimate and trustworthy, there are several important steps you can take:

1. Research the Company: Look into the company offering the job. Check their website, online reviews, and news articles to learn more about their reputation and history.

2. Contact Current or Former Employees: Reach out to current or former employees of the company to gain insights into their experiences and the work environment.

3. Verify Job Details: Make sure the job details provided in the offer align with what you find on the company’s official channels. Be wary of job offers that seem too good to be true.

4. Check for Legal Documentation: Request to see the company’s legal documentation, such as their registration and tax details, to confirm their legitimacy.

5. Avoid Upfront Payments: Legitimate employers in Turkey typically do not require candidates to pay for job offers. Be cautious of any requests for upfront payments or fees.

6. Seek Legal Advice: If you have doubts about the legitimacy of a job offer, consider seeking advice from a legal professional specializing in labor laws in Turkey.

By following these steps and being vigilant throughout the job application process, you can better assess if a job offer in Turkey is legitimate and trustworthy.

20. Are there any government programs or initiatives that support permanent employment in Turkey?

Yes, there are government programs and initiatives in Turkey that aim to support permanent employment. Some of these include:

1. Employment Mobilization Campaign: The Turkish government has launched various employment mobilization campaigns to encourage businesses to create permanent job opportunities. These campaigns often involve subsidies and incentives for companies to hire permanent employees.

2. Vocational Training Programs: The government offers vocational training programs to help individuals acquire the skills and qualifications needed to secure permanent employment. These programs aim to bridge the gap between the skills of job seekers and the needs of employers.

3. Subsidies for Permanent Hires: There are subsidy programs in place that provide financial incentives to companies that hire individuals on a permanent basis. These subsidies can help offset the costs of hiring and training new employees, making it more attractive for businesses to offer permanent positions.

Overall, these government initiatives play a crucial role in promoting permanent employment in Turkey and creating a more stable and prosperous job market for both employers and job seekers.